Category Archives: Animal Behavior

The Great Potential of the Marine World


Human beings developed from marine organisms’ countless years back, and are still quite connected to their roots, which accommodates their ever-demanding “needs”. The huge capacity of the richness of marine world has actually in reality looked after the everyday dietary requirements of humans, daily … this post has to do with checking out one such prospective!

Complex Ecosystem

The Marine community is vibrant and complicated with a large capacity beyond human understanding. This environment is among the most efficient bio-diversities offering a range of helpful resources, the applications which exceed fundamental dietary needs. Carrageenan or carrageenins – a popular healthy food additive – is drawn out from the red algae types (primarily Kappaphycus and Eucheumaspinosum) known for its broad application spectrum in the food & drink market.


Carrageenan is specified as a family of direct sulfated polysaccharides (carbs) drawn out from red edible seaweeds. It is a colloidal substance gotten from a purplish-brown, cartilaginous seaweed, mainly used as an emulsifying and supporting component in foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.

Kinds of Carrageenan

There are 3 primary kinds of carrageenan: kappa, iota, and lambda, based upon essential distinctions that are commercially utilized. The commonly widespread key in the marketplace is the kappa, which is being progressively used in the food market, where it works as a bodying representative, stabilizer, and emulsifier in meat and dairy items.


There are 3 essential application locations of carrageenan: food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetics. The food market leads the marketplace with applications in dairy, meat, drinks, and so on.


There are 3 essential practical functions showed by carrageenan as a food additive: Firstly, it is extensively used as a thickening representative, especially in low-fat or no-fat foods, like home cheese or sour cream, and as an alternative for fat. Carrageenan thickens foods making them creamier, with a fuller taste.


The 2nd crucial practical function of carrageenan is that of being used as a supporting representative for drinks, like chocolate milk or shakes, which different if they are not shaken. Carrageenan is also used as a gelling representative, especially in dairy and confectionery items, to make them stay company for longer and keep their shape.


Main Hurdles for the marketplace – Carrageenan as a food additive, dealt with a significant obstacle just recently in the United States, where many food producers chose to stop using it as a food additive, especially in baby solutions owing to its carcinogenic capacity.

In some animal research studies, the additive has actually been connected to damaging intestinal concerns, consisting of inflammatory bowel illness and potentially even growth production. Hence, the associated security concern amongst the customers is limiting the development of the international carrageenan market.

Way Ahead

The development trajectory of the carrageenan market is anticipated to be moderate in the future, if not high, as the offered options are not as effective as carrageenan, especially in the meat and dairy markets. Carrageenan shows outstanding capability to bind with water and the syneresis control is necessary in processed meats. Furthermore, a distinct property of carrageenan is its capability to connect with milk proteins, which form an especially strong bond with carrageenan.

The primary regulative firms of the world (US FDA, FAO/WHO JECFA, EU EFSA, and so on) continue to authorize the use of carrageenan as a food additive due to its natural source, in addition to its comprehensive, reputable, and security profile, which appears from its decade-long application.

The Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) has actually concluded that making use of food-grade carrageenan in infant formula, at concentrations as much as 1,000 milligrams per liter, is “not of concern.”.

Hence, a more pro-active technique in using this food additive, by keeping a security margin by manifold, paired with a clean label guarantee, will lead the way for its sustainable market development.

10 Intriguing Truths About Tigers You Didn’t Know


Tigers are amongst the most renowned animals on the planet. They are the biggest feline types alive in the world till date. This untamed Hunter weighs as much as 670lb (306 kg) and has an overall body length of 11 feet (3.3 m). In the previous century, the Tigers were cornered to leave their area of environment, and over 93% of their types were damaged.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the international population in the wild was around 100,000. After a steady decrease in the population due to damage and fragmentation of their environment, now it is approximated to be in between 3,062 and 3,948 people.

Here are 10 fascinating and uncommon truths about the tiger (coming from the Panthera family):

1. Tigers’ pee smells like popcorn

Tigers’ are territorial animals leading a singular life. A tigress has an area of 20 km (7.7 sq. Miles), while the male covers around 60 to 100 km (23 to 39 sq. Miles ). To mark their areas beginning and end, the grownups scratch a tree and spray their urine which smells like buttered popcorn! From this aroma, a tiger can determine the urine’s owner.

2. Tigers cannot purr

Tigers, essentially belong from the feline family. But, do they purr?? No, they do not. When a tiger enjoys, they either squint or close their eyes totally. They do this only when they feel comfy and safe as losing vision reduces tigers’ defenses.

3. Tigers can mimic other animals to attract their victim

Bears and tigers normally cross courses with each other since their environments overlap. To draw a bear, tigers imitate the sound of a bears’ victim. As the bear approaches believing it has actually found a meal for itself, the tiger attacks. (that’s frightening!).

4. All Tigers have yellow eyes, other than the white ones, have blue eyes

The gene for blue eyes and white fur is connected together, so white tigers are most likely to have blue eyes than yellow. Besides, the gene of blue eyes and cross-eyes are linked, so white tigers have cross blue-eyes.

5. Tiger have actually increased penises

Tigers’ penis is not able to become put up when excited! As Male penises’ have a baculum (a bone situated inside) covered with barbs. The irritable bone, help in “keeping the connection” in between male and female throughout copulation.

6. Tiger backhand can eliminate you

Tigers use their 10 cm long teeth to squash a victims’ throat! A single strike suffices to trigger extreme damage. Tigers front paw is robust enough to– either smash a Bears’ skull or breaks its back. (charming!).

7. Tiger can be found in range of colors

Due to the distinction in genes of hair color of a tiger, its color might differ from its typical black and orange coloration. A tiger’s coat can be white, gold, black as well as blue. The blue tigers are called as Maltese tigers, but there is no proof that a tiger with such a special coloration even existed!

8. Tiger have short-term memories

Tigers have a short-term memory of about 30 times longer than people. That means they can keep in mind a thing for a longer time and do not forget as rapidly as we do.( Isn’t that fantastic?).

9. Tiger have actually signs concealed in their fur

The forehead of a tiger consists grouping of stripes that bears a striking resemblance to the Chinese character significance “king.” It offered the tiger a cultural status as a marvelous animal-move over lions!

10. Tiger mate with lions and other felines to produce hybrids

According to hereditary research, male lions have the capability to make big off-springs whereas female lions develop smaller sized offspring. When a male lion has a sexual encounter with a female tiger, the outcome is a big liger!